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Canada - China Relations

China is and will be for the decades to come Canada's and the world's primary geopolitical challenge.

Whether China goes down the path to the acceptance of the international rule of law or it takes another path remains in doubt. With a population of 1.4 billion and a history of authoritarian rule that goes back millennia it cannot easily make a transition to international norms. The weight of history and the inertia of culture may be too great. It is a great civilization and a proud civilization with much to offer the international community. Nevertheless its centrifugal tendencies, its sense of historical grievance, its cultural assuredness, the stresses of modernization and the vast shift of people from the land to cities may well give rise to a virulent and aggressive nationalism. Recent developments do not encourage an optimistic outlook on which path it may take. It seems to be falling "off the way". The facet of China that surfaced in Tiananmen Square in 1989 still wars for China's soul.

China is Canada's second largest trade partner after the U.S.. As noted, however, by David Mulroney, a former Canadian ambassador to Beijing noted They have a way of putting the golden handcuffs on you, so you have to resist that.

Canada's geopolitical strategy must therefore be to encourage China to take the course of complete modernization including liberal democracy and the adoption of global standards of behaviour while at the same time participating in global efforts to deter China from aggressive actions against its neighbours as its power grows. There is the risk of the Thucydides' Trap It was the rise of Athens and the fear that this inspired in Sparta that made war inevitable.

The People's Republic of China National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) sets out its "public" plans.

This analysis by Andrew Erickson "Make China great again: XI's Truly Grand Design" places China's strategic objective in historical perspective.

Given China's reversion under XI to a Stalinist style vision of itself and the world, Canada should consider an ASEAN focus for trade and diplomacy building a bulkward in the Pacific to China's anti-liberal anti democratic long term thrusts while supporting domestic trade growth as an underpinning of a new geostrategic vision.

Canada's Geopolitical and Defence Strategy development needs leadership that may or may not be forthcoming in what is an increasingly risky global environment.


News Portals

  CCP Watch: Center for Advanced China Research
  War on the Rocks

Twitter Feeds

  Twitter: Elsa B. Kania @EBKania
  Twitter: Anne-Marie Brady @Anne_MarieBrady


  CSIS: After Xi: Future Scenarios for Leadership Succession in Post-Xi Jinping Era (April 21, 2021)
  Bloomberg: How Much Should Investors Be Worrying About China? (April 22, 2021)
  Andrew Coyne: The China-Canada relationship is not worth saving (May 29, 2020)
  How Xi Jinpings New Era Should Have Ended U.S. Debate on Beijings Ambitions + Report (May 8, 2020)
  The Atlantic: How China Sees the World And how we should see China (May 2020)
  General Secretary Xi Jinping: Strengthen independent innovation and strengthen technological security to provide strong scientific and technological support for maintaining and shaping national security (April 15, 2020)
  Foreign Affairs: Fareed Zakaria: The New China Scare Why America Shouldn’t Panic About Its Latest Challenger (December 6, 2019)
  CCP Watch: Center for Advanced China Research
  The Chinese Military speaks to itself, revealing doubts (February 18, 2019 )
  China's Digital Silk Road - the silk cuffs - or why Canada should consider an ASEAN focus for trade and diplomacy (February 5, 2019 )
  EU Statement on the arrest and detention of Michael Kovrig and Michael Spavor (December 21 2018)
  Xi�s Vision for Transforming Global Governance: A Strategic Challenge for Washington and Its Allies (December 2018)
  Diversification not Dependence: A Made-in-Canada China Strategy (October 11, 2018)
  The Long Arm of China: Exporting Authoritarianism With Chinese Characteristics (December 13, 2017)
  George Soros Interview with comments on China (January 20, 2016)
  Trudeau�s embrace of China exposes his na�vet� (January 14, 2016)
  John McCallum 'excited' to be next ambassador to China (January 11, 2016)
  G&M: Trump and Taiwan: A little more ambiguity, please (December 8, 2016)
  Will China ever be on the cutting edge of global innovation? (December 2016)
   Keystone XL no longer crucial for Canada's oil exports, says natural resources minister (November 16, 2016)
  The Economist: China holds elections - too few to count & the corruption connection (November 12, 2016)
  Transparency International Corruption Index - China
  Canada in China @CanadaChina
  Twitter #China
  Twitter #CanadaChina
  Twitter #ChinaTech
  Twitter US-China Commission
  China Military News
  The Diplomat: Frustration with corrupt and inept local authorities in Shanxi fuels support for Xi Jinping�s push to be core leader (November 22, 2016)
  IMF: Panel: China - US The Shifting Global Economic and Political Landscape: Integration or Fragmentation (November 21, 2016)
  China as the New No. 1? Not Quite (November 21, 2016)
  The US-China Commission ?@USCC_GOV has released the 2016 Annual Report to Congress (November 16, 2016)
  NYT: Xi Jinping Is China�s �Core� Leader: Here�s What It Means (October 30, 2016)
  Joseph Nye, professor, Harvard: Observations on the China policies
  Canada signs new agreements securing access for canola and beef (September 24, 2016)
  Prime Minister announces increased collaboration with China (September 23, 2016)
  Al Jazeera video: The End of China Inc? - 101 East (September 16, 2016)
  NYT: Chinese-Canadians Fear China�s Rising Clout Is Muzzling Them (August 27, 2016)
  The Star: Trudeau wants Canada to �reset� relationship with China (August 27, 2016)
  G&M: Trade Deal with China Six Key facts for Trudeau to consider (August 27, 2016)
  IRPP: Wendy Dobson: Living with a Rising China (August 22, 2016)
  China's Master Plan for IT Dominance
  Outline of the National Informatization Development Strategy - Translation (July 2016)
  China�s Longer Term Strategy: Cooperation, Competition and Avoiding Conflict (August 8, 2016)
  Of Dashed Lines and Diplomacy
  Shenzhen: The Silicon Valley of Hardware (UTube Documentary) | Future Cities | WIRED (July 5, 2016)
  CBC's Terry Milewski: China's 'microphone diplomacy' misfires again (June 6, 2016)
  Canada commemorates anniversary of Tiananmen Square violence (June 4, 2016)
  Chinese foreign minister's 'tantrum' sign of troubled relations, ex-ambassador says (June 2, 2016)
  G&M: Burney & Hampson: When China feels superior, so do its envoys (June 6, 2016)
  G&M: China�s foreign minister demanded meeting with Justin Trudeau (June 3, 2016)
  Bloomberg: Trudeau, Guarding Family Legacy, Woos China Amid Japan Standoff (June 1, 2016)
  G&M: Stealth Relations: China�s foreign minister to meet with Trudeau in Ottawa (May 31, 2016)
  Canadian Armed Forces ready for the world's largest international Maritime Exercise ? RIMPAC 2016 (May 31, 2016)
  Policy Horizons Canada: MetaScan 4 - The Future of Asia: Implications for Canada
  McKinsey - No Ordinary Disruption
  Matthew Fisher: Trudeau to get earful from Japanese prime minister on the most vexing issue in Asia (May 23, 2016)
  Xi Jinping's Taiwan conundrum (May 20, 2016)
  China's nationalism and the South China Sea
  A Tale of Two Seas: Chinese Naval Disputes and What It Means for Canada (May 19, 2016)
  MIT Tech Review: "The transition from human to robot workers may upend Chinese society" (April 26, 2016)
  How China Sees the World Order (April 20, 2016)
  Australia's 2016 Defence White Paper Strategic Outlook
  The Nova Scotia � China Engagement Strategy
  A Chinese company�s attempt to buy the German robotics giant is the latest sign of the country�s ambitions to lead a revolution in advanced manufacturing. (May 18, 2016)
  China moves closer to fielding �Guam Killer� ballistic missile: report
  Beijing's aggressive posture in the South China Sea has prompted a change in Australian defense policy (APR 26, 2016)
  Asia Times: The dangers presented by China�s hypersonic weapons build-up (May 2, 2016)
  PEW: How Asia-Pacific Publics See Each Other (September 2, 2015)
  CSIS: Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative
  Terry Glavin: How the Liberals are paving the way for a stronger relationship with China�s despotic regime (April 6, 2016)
  Business Council of Canada @BizCouncilofCnd
  Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada @AsiaPacificFdn
  Canada-China Business Council @Canada_China
  U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission @USCC_GOV
  Canada population compared with China

China's Naval Power

  Medium: Understanding China�s Third Sea Force: The Maritime Militia (September 8, 2017)